A Comparison of Pistachio Trees and
Atriplex Vegetation in Reducing Leishmaniasis
Reza Ali Fallahzadeh (PhD)1, Hadi Eslami (PhD)2, Mohammad Sadegh Eshaghpanah (MSc)*1
1 Genetic and Environmental Adventures Research Center, School of Abarkouh Paramedicine,
Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Pistachio
Safety Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
Received: 04.11.2019 Accepted: 01.12.2019
Introduction: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the endemic parasitic diseases in central Iran. The rural type of this disease is transmitted from rodents to humans by Phlebotomus papatasi. This study aims to investigate the role of vegetation in the existence of rodents in the study area.
Materials and Methods: The current descriptive-analytical study investigates prevalence of leishmaniasis in the Esfandabad Abarkooh City from 2019 to 2020. ArcGIS 10.2.2 and the layer overlay technique were used to examine effects of vegetation on the development of rodent activity, being regarded as leishmania reservoirs.
Results: A total of 20 and 23 cases of leishmaniasis were diagnosed in 2019 and in the first seven months of 2020, respectively. The findings revealed that the primary vegetation of the Esfandabad Abarkooh City included two species of Atriplex and pistachios. The layer overlay technique and the areas containing rodent nests showed that Atriplex encompassed 81.45% of the nests, and only 0.37% of the active nests were found in pistachio fields.
Conclusion: In addition to preventing soil erosion, pistachio cultivation has a significant role in reducing rodent activity in the region. In addition, it positively impacts the residents' economy through its positive role in sustainable development in the region.
►Please cite this article as follows:
Fallahzadeh RA, Eslami H, Eshaghpanah MS. A comparison of pistachio trees and atriplex vegetation in reducing leishmaniasis. Pistachio and Health Journal. 2019; 2 (4): 43-52.